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Board-Certification in Brain Injury Medicine: What Is It?


Expert Witness: Sanjay Adhia, MD
Brain Injury Medicine (BIM) has recently been added as a subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Specialties, I am asked by attorneys to explain more about it. Qualified Board-Certified Psychiatrists, Neurologists, Physiatrists (Physical Medicine and Rehab) and Sports Medicine physicians are permitted to take the exam for the Brain Injury Medicine certification.

?Brain Injury Medicine encompasses disorders of brain function due to injury. These disorders involve a range of medical, physical, neurological, cognitive and psychiatric disorders that result in psychosocial, educational, and vocational consequences. A specialist in BIM would have expertise in other central nervous system insults (e.g., encephalopathies, anoxia) with similar neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms.

There are very few Forensic Psychiatrists who are BIM certified. It is a valuable credential in qualifying to testify about medico-legal opinions on the neuropsychiatric manifestations of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Often, Post-Traumatic
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Stress Disorder (PTSD) accompanies TBI as the injury can cause both. Interestingly, TBI and PTSD share some of the same symptoms such as irritability and anger.

?About half of all criminal offenders have a history of TBI. In criminal cases, TBI can possibly play a role in Mitigation, Competency to Stand Trial and Insanity (NGRI) cases.

TBI can also be the focus of civil cases. We see it most often in Personal Injury cases, where a physical injury to the body includes the brain. Brain function can also be at issue in all cases where competency is relevant. We see this in cases about Testamentary Capacity, Undue Influence (brain function can impact vulnerability and emotional decision-making), Disability and other cases.

An expert witness Board-Certified in Brain Injury Medicine as well as Psychiatry and Forensic Psychiatry may have a unique combination of skills applicable to rendering expert opinion. I have found this to be the case, including assessing the absence of brain injury or psychiatric elements and assessing for malingering. Teaming with a neurologist and neuropsychologist is sometimes indicated.



ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Sanjay Adhia, M.D.
Dr. Adhia is in private forensic practice. He is triple Board-Certified in Forensic Psychiatry, Brain Injury Medicine and Psychiatry. He is Medical Director at PACE mental health clinic where he practices clinical Psychiatry.

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Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication, it is not intended to provide legal advice as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer.For specific technical or legal advice on the information provided and related topics, please contact the author.

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